Public Opinion Surveys


EDAM has launched a new publication series based on public opinion polls on topical issues related to Turkish foreign policy.

 

Public gives Conditional Support for Turkey to take on Responsibility in the Struggle against Climate Change

According to EDAM’s public opinion survey on climate change policy in advance of the year end’s Paris COP meeting, there is a significant but minority support for Turkey to take on more responsibility to combat climate change on a conditional basis. Around 34% of the participants stated their support for the country to adopt greenouse gas (GHG)  mitigation policies if either developed countries or other developing countries also decide to reduce their emissions. A further 17% stated their support for Turkey to reduce its emissions independently of the actions of other countries. On the other hand, around 21% of the participants stated that they don’t view climate change as Turkey’s problem and there is no need to reduce the GHG emissions in the country. Another important finding from the survey is that around 28% of the participants either had no opinion on the matter or refused to give an answer. The survey also finds interesting correlations between policy choice on climate change and the political party affiliations and age groups of the participants.

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Turks in Favour of Cooperating with the European Union

According to EDAM's second public opinion survey in 2015, the Turkish public favors the European Union as the lead partner in order to have a stronger economy and foreign policy. While the poll suggests there are meaningful differences between political constituencies, the EU has emerged as the top choice for the voters of all four political parties currently in the Turkish parliament. Arab states were the second most favourable choice among the participants, and was followed by Russia, the United States and China. 11 percent argued that Turkey should cooperate with none of the countries. According to EDAM’s latest public opinion survey, the Turkish public favors the European Union as the lead partner in order to have a stronger economy and foreign policy. While the poll suggests there are meaningful differences between political constituencies, the EU has emerged as the top choice for the voters of all four political parties currently in the Turkish parliament. Arab states were the second most favourable choice among the participants, and was followed by Russia, the United States and China. 11 percent argued that Turkey should cooperate with none of the countries.

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Turks Regretful over the Armenian Tragedy of 1915 but Refuse to Qualify it as a Genocide

2015 will mark the centennial of the forced migration of Ottoman Armenians and will be an important year for the debate on true nature of this tragedy. EDAM’s public opinion poll shows that a significant part of the Turkish public want the Turkish government at most to express its regrets over the tragic events of a century ago. Only 9 percent want the Turkish government to accept the claims of of genocide, whereas another 9 percent favor an apology.  The most favored option is for the Turkish government to express its regret. 21 percent of the population is against taking any steps.  Among the foreign policy experts the support for the recognition of the events as a genocide are somewhat higher than the general public with 19 %. The most favored policy option of the experts group is for the Turkish government to emphasize that all sides have suffered losses and to state its regret. 

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40 Years after the Intervention: Turkish Public Opinion on the Cyprus Dispute

EDAM’s ninth public opinion survey shows that 40 years after the intervention, the Turkish public is divided on how to resolve the Cyprus issue. When asked about their preferences for the outcome of the ongoing negotiations, a quarter of the participants argued that the issue has lasted for too long and that any solution is acceptable, whereas another quarter argued that there is “no need to insist for a solution” and preferred the two-state solution with the international recognition of the TRNC. Furthermore, the results of the survey have shown that there are meaningful differences of opinion both within and among different constituencies. The same question was directed to a panel of foreign policy experts, half of which favored the foundation of a united and EU member Cyprus.

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Turkish Public Opinion Favours Recognition of the Presidential Elections in Egypt

2014/2: Turkey’s AKP government has been very critical of Egypt’s new leadership. Ankara even called for the deposed Muslim Brotherhood leader Moursi to be reinstated as the country’s popularly elected President. EDAM’s survey shows that the Turkish public opinion favors more conciliatary approach. 60 % of the population, according to the survey results, want Ankara to recognize the outcome of the Presidential elections in Egypt. There are however clear differences according to party affiliations with 25 % of the AKP voters that have taken part in the survey favoring the non-recognition of the election results.

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Reaction Mounting Against Syrian Refugees in Turkey

2014/1: EDAM's first public opinion survey in 2014 shows that the consensus among the public opinion is that the country should stop taking in more refugees from Syria. 86 percent of the participants argue that no further Syrian refugees should be allowed in the country. Only 11 percent of the participants believe that the country should continue taking in future refugees from Syria.

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The Threat Perceptions of the Turkish public

2013/3: In EDAM's sixth public opinion survey, Turkish public was asked the question: “Now I will read out to you some developments that might pose a threat to Turkey’s external security. Which one do you think represents the biggest threat to Turkey?”. According to the results of the survey, the biggest threat perceived by the Turkish public remains the foundation of an independent Kurdish state in southern part of Turkey. For the expert community however the biggest threat is the dominance of Islamist extremists in Syria.

 

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Conditions for Mending the Turkish-Israeli Relations

2013/2: In the fifth survey, Turkish public was asked the question: “3 years ago Turkish-Israeli relations plunged into a crisis due to the killing of 9 Turkish passengers aboard the Mavi Marmara ship. In order to mend the relations, which one of the following statements that will be read is the most appropriate one?”. According to the results of the survey, while 35 percent of the public thinks that Israel should apologize and pay compensation, 29 percent believe that in addition to the apology and reparations, Israel should lift its embargo on Gaza. In parallel to this public opinion poll, EDAM carried out a survey among Turkey's foreign policy expert community with the participation of opinion makers.

 

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On the Semicentennial of Relations Most Turks are Euro-Sceptic

2013/1: In the fourth survey, Turkish public was asked the question: “This year is the 50th anniversary of the Ankara Agreement signed between Turkey and the European Union. It is also the 8th year of the accession negotiations. Which of the following policies that I will read now do you think that Turkey should follow in the next 5 years?”. The survey shows that the Turkish public is divided on the issue of relations with the European Union. While one thirds of the public thinks that Turkey should persist on her aim of full membership; the remaining two thirds agree that she should abandon the pursuit of full membership. In parallel to this public opinion poll, EDAM carried out a survey among Turkey's foreign policy expert community with the participation of opinion makers.

 

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Turks are Against Turkey's Involvement in Post-Assad Syria

2012/3: In the third survey, Turkish public opinion was polled on the question of "What sort of role Turkey should play in a post-Assad Syria?". The survey results demonstrate that a majority of Turks want Turkey to remain non-involved or impartial in a post-Assad Syria. In parallel to this public opinion poll, EDAM carried out a survey among Turkey's foreign policy expert community with the participation of  opinion makers.

 

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Turks Give Little Support to a Direct Intervention Against Syria

2012/2: In the second survey, Turkish public opinion was polled on the question of “There are different views regarding Turkey’s reaction to the developments in Syria. What do you think Turkey should do?” According to the survey’s result, 41,1 % of the survey participants believe that Turkey should not interfere in any way.

 

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Turks Show Conditional Support for Nuclear Armament

2012/1: In the very first survey, Turkish public opinion was polled on the question of “In reaction to a possible threat from a nuclear armed Iran, should Turkey develop its own nuclear weapons or rely on NATO’s protection?” According to the survey’s result, 54 % of the survey participants supported the option of Turkey’s nuclear armament.

 

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