Chemical and Biological Weapons

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Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (CWC)

The Parties to the CWC are required to not develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile or retain chemical weapons, or transfer, directly or indirectly, chemical weapons to anyone; not to use chemical weapons; not to engage in military preparations for use of chemical weapons; not to assist, encourage, or induce anyone to engage in any activity prohibited to a State Party under the convention. The CWC requires destruction of existing stocks and production facilities.

The Chemical Weapons Convention opened for signature on 13 January 1993
The CWC entered into force on 29 April 1997
Turkey signed the Convention on 14 January 1993
The Parliament ratified the Convention on 12 May 1997

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Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons (BTWC)

States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (BTWC) are obligated not to develop, produce, stockpile, or otherwise acquire or obtain microbial or other biological agents or toxins of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective, or other peaceful purposes; not to develop, produce, stockpile, or otherwise acquire or obtain weapons, equipment, or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict; to destroy, or to divert to peaceful purposes (not later than nine months after the entry into force of the convention) all agents, toxins, weapons, equipment, and means of delivery; not to transfer to any recipient, and not in any way to assist, encourage, or induce to manufacture or otherwise acquire any of the agents, toxins, weapons, equipment, or means of delivery; to take necessary measures to prohibit the above within their own territories.

Opened for signature on 10 April 1972
Entered into force on 26 March 1975
Turkey signed the BWC on 10 April 1972
The Parliament ratified the BWC on 25 October 1974

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Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous, or Other Gasses, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (Geneva Protocol)

The Geneva Protocol prohibits the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous, or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare. Notably, the Geneva Protocol did not prohibit their production and stockpiling.

Opened for signature on 17 June 1925
The Protocol entered into force for each signatory from the date of ratification
Turkey ratified the Geneva Protocol on 5 October 1929

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