FACT-CHECKERS AND FACT-CHECKING IN TURKEY

LinkedIn

Click to Download Full Turkish ReportClick to Download Full English Report

H. Akın Ünver | EDAM, Oxford CTGA & Kadir Has University

 

INTRODUCTION

In less than a decade, fact-checking around the world has grown into a new democratic practice, creating its own social and political institutions. Although the global awareness of, and demand for fact-checking grew after the 2016 US election and following European elections, the practice is as old as journalism itself.(1) Fact-checking is generally viewed as one of the main antidotes against the scourge of disinformation and fake news.(2) However, fact-checking can also produce unintended results. There is still insufficient evidence to support the claim that fact-checking leads to a change in beliefs among the target audience.(3) Even in cases where there is an observable relationship between fact-checking and change in beliefs, this effect isn’t uniform and its effectiveness can significantly vary.(4) There are even studies that demonstrate that fact-checking can, in fact, further entrench the initial effect of disinformation.(5) Furthermore, the relationship between fact-checking and disinformation yields varied results across different political cultures and national media systems,(6) necessitating more in-depth focus and more extensive study of their interaction in different nations.

As one of the most polarized,(7) information-constrained(8) and censorship-prone(9) OECD countries, Turkey’s position in the broader global disinformation and fact-checking ecosystem merits greater focus as the Turkish context yields significant findings and relevant results for other emerging markets and democratically backsliding nations.

Click to Download Full Turkish ReportClick to Download Full English Report