EDAM’s new report on Turkey’s nuclear energy plans focuses on nuclear security. The first chapter provides a detailed account of the physical threats for nuclear facilities, material and personnel, and later discusses state-led and assymmetric threats that surround Turkey in relation to the risks they may pose to the country’s prospective nuclear infrastructure. The second chapter looks into Turkey’s regulatory, civilian/military and executive capabilities to effectively secure its prospective nuclear infrastructure and provides ways in which the deficiencies in these areas may be addressed. The third chapter looks into nuclear smuggling, a traditional challenge that Turkey has had to deal with as a transit country. The final chapter provides an assessment of the overall picture and discusses the steps that Ankara should take in order to bridge the gap between the capabilities it has today and the challenges it may face in the future.